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Team-based learning is a phased learning activity – consisting of 6 phases – and should be implemented in its full form to reap all of the positive outcomes associated with its practice. As of right now, FeedbackFruits only supports two of these phases, phase 2: iRAT and phase3: tRAT, with the goal to add support for the other phases in the near future.

Team-Based Learning is a pedagogical practice that allows students to go beyond rote memorization of knowledge. In its essence, TBL focuses on giving students the possibility to apply their knowledge to solve single or multiple problems in a group context.

The two phases of our current Team-Based Learning tool are:

  • Individual Readiness Assurance Test (iRAT): students individually complete a multiple-choice quiz based on the material they have read → no answers revealed yet.

  • Team Readiness Assurance Test (tRAT): students answer the same multiple-choice questions but now in teams while discussing/negotiating. Often they use IF-ATs (scratch-off) questions which provide rich corrective feedback.

This feature makes team-based learning its own tool in the tools list when creating a new activity. This consists of an Individual Readiness Assurance test (iRAT) and Team readiness Assurance test (tRAT). The tool thus creates two tasks sharing the same set of questions, one task meant for iRAT, one for tRAT.

Team-Based Learning assignments can only consist of multiple-choice questions.

How does iRAT work?
In this step, students will be asked to individually answer a set of questions that was created by their teacher. This allows for their individual knowledge level to be tested. While answering these questions, students will not be able to see what the correct answer to the question is. This is due to the fact that within the tRAT the same questions will be used.

How does tRAT work?
The tRAT step is answered in groups, each group has a group leader who is the only student allowed to answer the questions. The rest of the students can see the quiz, and as soon as the leader submits an answer they will see the answer.
The group leader is the first group member that starts taking the quiz on the tRAT step, if the group decides to retake the quiz the leader can be a different student.

Teacher view

While setting up the assignment, there are a few aspects that are important for you to keep in mind, based on the tasks that can be added.


For the iRAT task, you will only be able to add multiple-choice questions. Students will never be able to see the answers, and the deadline and real-time control can be configured.


For the tRAT task, you will only be able to add scratch-off questions: multiple choice questions where the wrong answer will disappear until the right one is selected by the student. You can configure deadlines and real-time control, along with groups within the assignment.

Within the analytics overview, you will be able to see the iRAT analytics per student, the tRAT analytics per student grouped within their subgroup. They allow you to compare the results for each of the students.

For each of the questions, you will be able to see the analytics for the iRAT and the tRAT

Student view

For the students, there are also a few aspects important for them to be aware of, for each of the tasks. For the iRAT, students will be able to retake the tests as many times as they want, but they will never be able to see the correct answer. Once the step is closed, students will still be able to see the answers they gave.

For the tRAT task, students can only start answering and see their answers within the tRAT step after they've made progress in the iRAT step. Students have the option to retake the test as many times as they want and can see the correct answer. Once the step has been closed, students can see the answers to their last attempts.

Students will be able to see an overview of all group members and their group leader at the start of the quiz. And at the end, they will be able to see a table of the questions and results of the students during the iRAT along with the group results. This allows them to easily compare the groups.

This concludes the Team Based Learning (Beta, Feature Flagged) article.
If you have any questions or experience a technical issue, please contact our friendly support team by clicking on the blue chat button (Note: support is available 24h every weekday & unavailable on the weekend).

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