A citation style (or reference style) is a set of rules on how to cite and reference sources in academic writing.

There are different types of references and there are different citation styles.

You should not mix different types of citation styles in a single piece of academic writing.

The list of references are usually found at the end of your written work. In the body text, they are cited by number, or by the author and year of publication

Why should I write in a specific citation style?

Different domains use different citation styles. It is important to use the citation style of your domain, so your work is more accessible to other academics in your domain.

How do I write in a certain citation style?

There are many different citation styles and Automated Feedback can help you check whether references are formatted correctly and in the right style.

It can do this for the following styles:

Reference style

Domain

Description

ACS (American Chemical Society)

Chemistry

In ACS, references are cited by both by numbers and by author and year. So within ACS you can choose from one of the two reference options.

AMA (American Medical Association)

Medical research

In AMA, references are cited by numbers. Note that in your reference list the last name and first and middle initial of the author have to be written down without punctuation.

APA (American Psychological Association)

Psychology,

Behavioural sciences,

Social sciences

In APA, references are cited by author and year.

Harvard

Not domain-specific, generally used by university students

In Harvard, references are cited by author and year.

IEEE (Institute of Electrical and Electronics Engineers)

Engineering,

Computer science,

Other technology-related fields

In IEEE, references are cited by numbers.

MLA (Modern Language Association)

Arts and humanities, like languages, arts, and cultural studies

In MLA, references are cited by author and year.

Vancouver

Medicine and sciences

In Vancouver, references are cited by numbers.

Did this answer your question?